Head trauma or head injury can result in Traumatic Brain Injury, or TBI which can have devastating and long term effects on the individual. Some of the obvious and possible causes of TBI include traffic accidents, assaults, as well as slip and fall accidents which may take place at home or at the workplace. Traumatic brain injuries can also occur in different situations, like truck accidents, motorcycle and bicycle accidents and collisions, dog bite injuries and workplace injuries, especially at construction sites. When a person suffers from head trauma, he or she may show some signs of injury such as a brief period of unconsciousness or feeling sick or dizzy. In some cases, these signs and symptoms may be short term and they may go away on their own, but in serious cases, they may be long term and severe.
Head injuries can range from moderate to severe. In cases of moderate head injury, the person may lose consciousness for 15 minutes, up to several hours. The person may also suffer from a period of post-traumatic amnesia of up to 24 hours. Head injury patients are often kept in the hospital overnight for observation, after which they may be discharged if they do not show any further signs and symptoms of injury. However, many head injury patients will suffer from a number of residual symptoms. Such patients need to remain hospitalized and they may also need rehabilitation even after the acute phase has passed.
Survivors of traumatic brain injury have a lot to deal with, especially the shock and despair from the effects of their injury. They may also have problems coping and adjusting with their new condition, as well as difficulty in solving problems. Patients with serious injuries may have to be admitted in a traumatic brain injury rehabilitation center, where they can rest and recover from the injury. The effects and impact of a head injury depend on several factors, such as the severity of the initial injury, the areas of functions affected from TBI, the recovery process and so on.
The cognitive ability of the individual is also affected after head trauma and brain injury, which may cause problems in attention, concentration, memory, processing speed, confusion, distractibility, language processing and so on. The patient may also have difficulty comprehending or speaking words. He or she may have slurred speech, problems reading and writing and so on. In many cases, their sensory perception may be affected and they may have difficulties interpreting touch, temperature, movement, limb position and so on.
In other cases, the person’s vision may be affected, leading to partial or complete loss of vision, hazy or blurry vision, problems judging distance of objects, intolerance to light, and even involuntary eye movement. The person’s sense of hearing, smell, and taste may also be affected. Patients may also undergo certain physical changes after a traumatic head injury, the most obvious being chronic pain, loss of stamina, sleep disorders, appetite changes and so on. Whatever the case, it is important to get in touch with a brain injury attorney if you have been in an accident causing brain injury.
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